the mid of the 1980`s the East German Air Force made
first steps towards the procurement of the MiG-29
(NATO-Code "Fulcrum") fighter aircraft. The NVA
(Nationale Volksarmee) used their 24 few MiG-29 in
defense counter air role, althouge she was intended for
a second air-to-ground role as well.
The JG3 "Vladimir Kamov" (Fighter Wing 3) at Preschen
airbase was the first wing in East Germany that equipped
the 1st and 2nd squadron with the new fighter. The first
aircraft "615" were delivered in May 1988, the last one
"778" in January 1989.
the German reunification on October 3, 1990, the NVA
seized to exist. All MiG-29 aircrafts given
GAF-registrations and were integrated into LUFTWAFFE.
Four MiG`s went to the WTD 61 (Test and Evaluation
Center 61) in Manching. One Fulcrum went to the US-Air
Force for evaluation and remained for 1½ years. The
German DoD (Department of Defense) planned on keeping
the MiG-29 in service until the evaluation results
stated specific numbers about the aircraft’s
performance, its reliability and its running costs. The
MiG-29 was the only former Sovjet aircraft that remained
in service with the GAF on a regular basis. All other
aircraft types (Mig-21, MiG-23, Su-22, Mi-24,…) were
test flown for a certain period and than phased out of
In 1991 the JG3 "Vladimir Kamov" (Fighter Wing 3) at
Preschen airbase was renamed "Erprobungsgeschwader
MiG-29" (Test and Evaluation Wing MiG-29).
On June 1st, 1993, it was redesignated in
"Jagdgeschwader 73" (Fighter Wing 73) and moved to
Rostock-Laage airbase in October 1994.
led to the conclusion that the MiG-29 should remain in
service for another years, if the maintainability and
the support with spare parts from Russia could be
The MiG-29 was the only former Soviet aircraft that
remained in service with the German Air Force on a
Today it can be said that the MiG-29 pilots of
"Jagdgeschwader 73" are the best MiG pilots in
the world, as the agility of the aircraft, Western
training standards and the knowledge of “AMRAAM” tactics
add up to make them a formidable opponent.
The successor of the "Red Diva" in Luftwaffe is the Eurofighter Typhoon, which
was enter its service in 2003.
The Polish Air Force has bought 22 German Fulcrums for 1
symbolic Euro. In August 2004 the German Air Force
handed over its last Fulcrums to Poland.